Reference projects/situations. How does it relate to the patterns? What problems did they face? What was their solution? What was their vision? How can I intergrate this information in the Schouwburgplein?

Pattern #033: Night life

Night-establishments such as a movie theatre, a restaurant, and other services that are open at night, should be knit together, to create a center of night life. A well-lit, save, lively environment will increase the intensity of pedestrian activities at night.


In the south of Rotterdam, there is one of Rotterdam's night life centre's. There are several fascilities, such as a cinema, several restaurants, fastfood, football-stadium, bowling alley, midgetgolf, escape rooms, et cetera. It is well-lit, so people feel attracted to it. Although the location is in an industrial site,people still come there, because of the many night activities. They are all knit together, instead of scattered around the city, which is good for the visitors.



Pattern #051: Green streets

On local roads, closed to through traffic, plant grass over the road, and set occasional paving stones into the grass for the cars. Because the dominance of the grass, the neighbourhood will be more like a local road, and the inhabitants will experience environmental improvement.


In Zeeland, one of the provinces of The Netherlands, they have a bungalowpark with "green streets". It is only used for the parking places on private bungalow-sites. They are not used as actual streets. More like parkingspots. I think green streets are a bit outdated these days. The car density has increased massively over the last 40 years. So using it as a street, will only work in very low-density neighbourhoods. Then still it is not very future-proof. The right image shows a "grasdal" which can be interpretted as a green street. It is used for farming vehicles. In this case it is very practicle, because only a few vehicles will use it.


Pattern #061: Small public squares

A square feels deserted when the squaresize is bigger then 30m² per pedestrian. A square feels pleasant when the width of the square is max. 20m. Any wider sizes will feel unpleasant.


In Maastricht they have the Sint Amorsplein and het Vrijhof. Both places can be intepretted as small public squares. They feel really cozy with all the terraces. They feel alive. Especially in summertime. There are most of the time enough people to make you feel comfortable. The size of the squares are a bit big, but the actual space feels good, because the terraces take some space.


Pattern #062: High places

Humans are instictively attracted to high places. They generate an overview over the surrounding area. But people are more satisfied when they worked for reaching the top. For people on the ground, high places can be seen, and used as a navigationpoint.


This is the Plompetoren in Koudekerke, Zeeland. This is an old tower of 1468. It's the only building in Koudekerke that survived the floods of the Oosterschelde; the start of the Northsea. It's now a monument/touristic attraction. People have to climb the stairs, to get to the top. Once you have reached the top, the view says a lot about the history of the building. You have a nice overview of the surroundings.


This building is also a landmark. It's 22m high, but you can see it from miles away, since it's the highest (and only) building in that "town". You can orientate very easily.


I think high places really make a city/town. It gives identity to the environment. Something to be proud of. And it is also a nice place to visit, and have a great overview of the surroundings.


Pattern #073: Adventure Playground

Childeren are creating a view on the world. Learning. Passive, very clean playgrounds are not that valuable for the children's development. Instead of clean playground, provide a playground with raw materials, basic tools, etc, so they can create their own playground. They use their imagination.


This is the "huttenbouwdag" in Blaricum. This is a yearly event, in which children can build their own little fort. All childeren are defining what their awesome shelter should look like, and they think out a plan, work together, and just build their imaginative playhouse. They are really working on things, instead of using it. (Of course after the making, comes playing, but you get the point). I think this is good to have as an event. But not as a standard fascility. It's not practicle. It is nice, but who looks after the children? Is it safe enough? I have my doubts. 


Pattern #072: Garden growing wild

Grow the plants wild. Let them maintain themselves. Set a natural stone border, and plant the plants in a way, that they don't need a gardener.


A good example is the chinese garden in the zoo of Rotterdam; Blijdorp. This garden is partly built to maintain itself. It is surrounded by natural rocks. They set the border for the natural growing of the plants. The plants do the rest. Not the whole garden is build like that. Only the outer parts of that area. The inner-part needs a gardener; which I think, is no problem. A gardener makes the greenery more city-like, instead of woods-like. It just fits more in a city environment.